Also termed a directional procedure, the prescriptive essay provides the reader steps to follow to finish a job. Well, the solution is actually very easy. Students must be sure that their topic will satisfy the term limit. The assignment and dissertation works carry an immense quantity of marks. At times, an assigned paper will request that you study a specific article or chapter from the program reading list.
Essays have many purposes, but the fundamental structure is identical. The third most important thing that students appear to forget about is trying to find a recommendation. Begin to compose your essay today so you can submit it on time. All I am saying is that it is possible to take the assistance of the experts and understand the things that you find difficult to comprehend and then reciprocate it in your way and in your style.
Part of the skill of writing is to write concisely and economically , without wasting material or 'padding' the work with irrelevant diversions and repetition.
Once the points have been chosen they should be presented logically and coherently , so do not leap about from point to point. Each point generally will have some connection to the preceding one and the one to follow. If you do leave one area of the essay to move into another, but intend later to go back to the point you have left and show, for example, how the points may be connected or related, then it can be useful to say so by 'signposting', e.
After each draft of the essay check that each point is presented in a logical and coherent order. Read each draft carefully and critically. Is there a significant idea you have not included in the essay? Do you need to expand some of the points you have chosen to write about? Are some of the points, after due consideration, not really relevant? Have you been too long-winded or repetitive? Does your argument need to be clearer, and do the links between some of the main points need more emphasis?
You should be asking yourself these questions throughout the whole process. A particularly distressing weakness in the past, but hopefully not the future, has been the absence of serious discussion of imagery and literary language. Some students have merely stated that the author uses imagery, illustrated this with an example, and then moved on to the next point on the list. If you discuss images, metaphors and other literary devices, then say how and why they are being used in the piece of fiction, and maybe if you think the imagery works or not. If you do not say how and why an image is being used then don't mention it.
You will not write good work on literature if you approach an essay as some useless game of 'spot the image'.
These quotations can obviously add much to the texture and quality of your work, but they are often handled very badly by students. Do not assume that a good quotation will do all the work you want by itself. Poor essays are often merely a patchwork of quotations stitched together by the briefest of comments, and it is a mistake to leave quotations hanging in mid-air, as it were, without comment or explanation. Quotations need to be framed. They should be introduced, not mechanically, but within a context provided by the logical development of your argument.
See Example 1 at the end of this guide. This is often likely to be the case as there is really little point in including 'bland' quotations in your essay. You may want to gloss, explain, qualify or modify the quoted words, or you may have included quotations whose assumptions or arguments you strongly disagree with.
New Nurse Notes: 7 tips to improve your professional etiquette
The latter case can be useful, if handled well. Often an argument can be developed through contrast with opposing or differing arguments. This tactic in essay construction also displays independent thinking in that it demonstrates that you have not unthinkingly accepted and believed everything you have read. One final point on quotations: do not plagiarise. Using other people's work without saying so is a serious crime.
Tutors have read widely on the subjects you will be writing on and are very likely to recognise when you are plagiarising. If you use other people's ideas and words they have to be acknowledged through proper footnoting and referencing. See Example 2 at the end of this guide. Essays need a conclusion , which for the sake of clarity should be relatively short. It is generally best not to include new ideas or new material in your concluding comments, particularly since many people think that a conclusion should be a synthesis of the prior arguments.
Argumentative Essays // Purdue Writing Lab
You may, however, point to alternative conclusions or arguments, or briefly suggest areas of interest that have not been dealt with directly by the essay. People often get the wrong idea about conclusions and believe that this is the place to state firm convictions, and that a conclusion has to make a stand and come down on the side of one argument or another. This can be the case but it is not necessarily so. If an essay title comes in the form of a question, for example 'Is James Joyce seeking to distance himself from traditional forms of Irish culture?
It is as much a sign of intelligence to state that you cannot decide as it is to sift through the evidence and decide one way or the other. Think about why you cannot decide. Perhaps the evidence is conflicting. Perhaps the literary text and its use of imagery is ambiguous, or even contradictory; as is often the case. If you cannot decide, then say so, outlining why you cannot decide. Alternatively, you may partly agree or partly disagree with the statements or questions raised by the title , or by questions raised directly in responding to the title.
If so, say so. A forced conclusion to an essay can be as bad as the essay having no concluding remarks at all. In connection to the last point it should be emphasised that any essay should be about your ideas and your interpretation of the literature being studied. Of course your ideas may, and indeed should, develop through discussions with friends, fellow students, tutors and through the consultation of books and articles, but it is your ideas which should form the basis of the essay.
Whilst you will use material that is not your own, it is the way that you use, add to, adapt and modify this material that makes the argument your own and original. Your own voice should be heard. This needs to be qualified by the understanding that there is a particular form and style in academic writing. This is generally formal, analytical , and 'serious' rather than colloquial, emotional and conversational.
Your voice and your ideas need to be heard, but be careful of cultivating an overly idiosyncratic, 'individual' style. Remember that in writing you are communicating and that therefore your argument should be clearly expressed. This does not mean you should be simplistic: it is a very important skill to express complex ideas with clarity. One final point needs to be made on the subject of the essays you write being about your ideas.
Some of you may find this an extraordinary statement but it is a bad idea to tailor and construct your essay around what you believe your tutor or the head of the course thinks about the text, and what you think she or he wants to hear. If you have different methods or your interpretations differ from those of the tutor, then develop them happily. Remember that essay writing is all about presenting an argument and using evidence from the text and elsewhere to back up your statements, and if you do this well you will be given credit for it whether or not the tutor agrees with the overall argument.
The Good Manners and the Importance of Polite Speech in the Modern World
It is not particularly interesting for tutors to read in essays only what they have said in class, particularly if this is reproduced in a flat, unconvincing, and unconvinced manner. Queue up quietly and don't push. Put your rubbish into bins, don't leave it for someone else to clean up. Have fun but don't be so loud that you attract the wrong kind of attention.
Respect property. Don't run in shopping centres or where there are other people. Spend time talking and listening to the people you are with - don't talk on your mobile plone when you are with other people. If you are out with your parents or other adults Use your good manners so that you don't embarrass anyone. Introduce any friends you meet to the people you are with. Say 'please' and 'thank you'.
Don't be a 'canna'. Use your knife to cut and your fork to put the food in your mouth. Chew food with your mouth closed. Ask for things to be passed to you, don't lean over the table.
If you need to blow your nose, excuse yourself and go out of the room first. Don't talk with your mouth full. It is not a good look! Switch your mobile phone to silent and don't check it either. Don't give out any other information. The caller doesn't need to know if mum is in the bathroom or whatever! When you are using a phone Negotiate with your family for length of time on the landline so that one person doesn't use the phone for hours, making it difficult for anyone else to use it.
This is especially important if your internet access uses the same line. If you have a mobile, don't text or call someone when you're with a friend unless you first ask if your friend minds.
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- Good manners.
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If you get a call, say "excuse me" and move away from others to answer it, then make it a quick call.