Essay on democracy of contemporary world

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Western Liberal Democracy as New World Order?

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This page was last edited on 11 September , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Athenian democracy Constitution Direct democracy Elections. Though democracy in India has been appreciated worldwide for its working there is still a lot of scope for improvement.

Democracy Essay

The aforementioned steps must be taken to ensure smooth functioning of democracy in the country. A democratic nation is one where the citizens have the right to elect their government. Several countries around the world run democratic government but India takes pride in being the largest democracy.

India had been ruled by several rulers from Mughals to Mauryas. Each of them had their own style of governing the people. It was only after the country got independence from the colonial rule of the Britishers in that it became a democratic nation. It was then that the people of India, who had suffered tyranny at the hands of the British, attained the right to vote and elect their government for the first time. Sovereign refers to an entity that is free from the control of any foreign power. The citizens of India enjoy sovereign power to elect their ministers.

Socialist means providing social and economic equality to all the citizens of India irrespective of their caste, colour, creed, gender and religion. There is no official state religion in the country. This means the government of India is elected by its citizens. The right to vote is given to all the Indian citizens without any discrimination. The head of the country is not a hereditary king or queen.

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He is elected by an electoral college. The Constitution does not discriminate anyone on the basis of their caste, colour, creed, gender, religion or education. Besides these, there are a number of regional parties that fight the elections to state legislatures. Elections are held periodically and people exercise their right to vote to elect their representatives.

The government is continually making efforts to encourage more and more people to use their right to vote to choose good governance. Democracy in India is not merely about giving people the right to vote but ensuring equality in all the spheres of life.

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While the elections have been happening at the right time and a systematic approach is followed to conduct the same ever since the concept of democracy came into being in India there are many hindrances in the smooth functioning of democracy in the country. These include illiteracy, gender discrimination, poverty, cultural disparity, political influence, casteism and communalism. All these factors adversely affect democracy in India. While democracy in India has been appreciated worldwide, there are still miles to go.

Factors such as illiteracy, poverty, gender discrimination and communalism that impact the working of democracy in India need to be eradicated in order to allow the citizens to enjoy democracy in true sense. Democracy in India was formed after the nation was freed from the clutches of the British rule in Under the effective leadership of the Indian National Congress, the people of India attained the right to vote and elect their government.

Eva Kooijmans' essay - New College of the Humanities

Apart from these, many regional parties come forward for elections to state legislatures. Elections to the parliament and state assemblies are held every 5 years. Sovereign means independent — free from interference or control of any foreign power. The country has a government directly elected by the citizens of the country. Indian citizens have the sovereign power to elect their leaders by elections conducted for the parliament, local bodies as well as the state legislature. Socialist means social as well as economic equality for all the citizens of the country.

Democratic socialism means attaining socialistic goals by way of evolutionary, democratic and non-violent means. The government is making continual efforts to lessen the economic inequality by decreasing the concentration of wealth. In India, one has the right to practise any religion or reject them all. The Government of India respects all the religions and does not have any official state religion. It does not disgrace or promote any religion.

Tales of Democracy - Democracy in Contemporary World #1

This means the government of the country is elected democratically by its citizens. The right to vote is given without any discrimination on the basis of the colour, caste, creed, religion, gender or education. Not just political, the people of India also enjoy social and economic democracy. The head of the state here is not a heredity king or queen but an elected person. The ceremonial head of the state, that is, the President of India is elected by an electoral college for a period of five years, while executive powers are vested in the Prime Minister. While the constitution promises a democratic state and the people of India have been entitled to all the rights a person should enjoy in a democratic state, there are a lot of factors that impact its democracy and pose a challenge to it.

Here is a look at these factors:. Illiteracy among people is one of the biggest challenges the Indian democracy has faced ever since its inception. Education enables the people to exercise their right to vote wisely. People belonging to the poor and backward classes are usually manipulated by the political parties. They are often bribed to acquire their vote. Apart from these, casteism, gender discrimination, communalism, religious fundamentalism, political violence and corruption are among other factors that are a challenge for democracy in India.