Lincoln begins with the past when the nation was originally created, moving next to the present civil war that nation is now engaged in, and last concentrating on where the present situation should take us and what we should hope to accomplish from this war.
This organizational technique was particularly effective in this situation. Because Lincoln was speaking to a divided audience, it was imperative he provide common ground and unity in order to effectively persuade them to adopt a mutual goal and resolution. He achieved this by reflecting on the ideals and accomplishments of the forefathers they all have in common, reminding each side of their unified history.
Bridging the gap of difference between North and South, set the whole audiences mind frame on the unified purpose by which their nation was conceived, rather than their present particular interests. Because of this larger focus, the audience is able to see the profound effect the current war would have on the entire nation.
The fact that this war will make or break what past generations had worked to create. Not just that it will deiced whether or not slavery will be tolerated. For this purpose Lincoln strategically neglected to mention slavery at all, or any other comment that would put him in favor of one side. The purpose was to bring the divided people together, if only for a moment so that they might see the more important needs and form a singular goal of preservation and in effect, rebirth. Typical of persuasive speeches on questions of policy, as with the Gettysburg Address, there is also problem-solution order.
The solution follows in the last paragraph when Lincoln asserts that it is our duty to dedicate ourselves to the unfinished work of preserving our nation. Language played a role in the effectiveness of the speech equally important to that of structure. We know creating a sense of unity between North and South was instrumental in the effectiveness of the speech so in conjunction with the reminder of common history, Lincoln utilized many words throughout the entire speech that lent a sense of togetherness and the strength found therein.
Words like our, we, us, nation, and the people. He was speaking to a diverse crowd containing not only politicians, military officers and press, but also the families of those who had died. Common everyday people who were probably rather uneducated individuals. Lincoln made sure that his words could reach everyone by being sure their denotative meaning could be understood by all. And since those families were the most important segment of the audience, Lincoln choose his diction based mostly on them.
One might suppose that such limited vocabulary would create a dull unmoving speech, but Lincoln was able to avoid this in several ways. One was his use of antitheses. For instance the juxtaposition of preservation and new birth of freedom.
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Lincoln also puts to good use emotion-laden words such as: fathers, liberty, war, died, dedicate, consecrate, struggle, nobly, honored, God and freedom. There is constant repetition of words so each sentence connects to the other even through changes of ideas. This poetic flow enhances the others tones of spirituality, unity, compassion and righteousness.
Gettysburg address essay prompt -
In two minutes Lincoln was able to give them all pride, consoling, purpose, hope and a united goal. He showed them in order to obtain the new birth of freedom each side was fighting for they needed to come together as one nation, dedicated to the preservation of the nation the way it was conceived so many years before. Something no one had been able to achieve since the beginning of the separation of the North and South long before the war. Of the five known manuscript copies of the Gettysburg Address Essay, the Library of Congress has two.
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President Lincoln gave one of these to each of his two private secretaries, John Nicolay and John Hay. The copy on exhibit, which belonged to Nicolay, is often called the first draft because it is believed to be the earliest copy that exists. Considerable scholarly debate continues about whether the Nicolay copy is the reading copy. In Nicolay wrote that Lincoln had brought with him the first part of the speech, written in ink on Executive Mansion stationery, and that he had The speech was very basic.
The speech was analyzed and it showed that words of the word speech were one-syllable words, but they done the job.
The army has a saying of bottom line up front which I feel this speech represented. To be truthful about the speech I feel the speech got its point across to the people but I dont feel its a speech to be praised like it has been. Those three major factors were the audience, his attitude while giving the address, and the techniques that he used while giving the address at Gettysburg.
Gettysburg Address Essay Examples
One of the reasons why Abraham Lincolns Address was so effective was in part due to the audience to whom he spoke. He was speaking in front of mostly white males from the North, who had either the same or similar beliefs as President Lincoln had, which pertained to Today I have chosen two speeches which are critical to the growth and development that our nation has gone through. Two men from different backgrounds and different times with one common goal, equality for all. Though one hundred years and three wars divide the two documents, they draw astonishing parallels in they purposes and their techniques.
The battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the bloody war between the states in favor of the north. Mythology Essays. PignatoTable of Contents1. List of illustrations6. BibliographyOutlineGenerals-North, Meade-South, LeeCharges-Pickets ChargeArmies-South, 65,North,85,Strategies-South tried to get to Washington to cut the rail lines and take over the capital-North-To intercept the south to stop the invasionIntroductionThe Battle of Gettysburg was the largest battle of the civil war and, also the largest battle ever fought in the western hemisphere.
Many people died during this fight. If you were in it you had a one out of three chance of either being killed, captured, or wounded. The Battle of Gettysburg is considered The Battle of GettysburgThe Battle of Gettysburg was the most decisive battle for the North, and it lasted for a total of three days. It began on July 1 and ended on July 3, The Confederacy was going on the offensive and was beginning to venture into Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Washington D.
They encountered Union troops as they advanced towards Harrisburg where they planned to cut off Union supply lines and to steal provisions that they needed.
The Gettysburg Address: Rough Draft | RCL Blog
The Battle of Gettysburg became the bloodiest multi-day battle ever fought in United States history. At the end of the Battle of Many questions were asked. Share This Page. The Gettysburg Address is one of the most famous speeches in American history. Despite being only words, President Abraham Lincoln's speech was filled with allusions to other famous words, including the Declaration of Independence, the Bible, and Pericles' Funeral Oration.
Lincoln spoke of overarching themes like equality, freedom, and representative government. He included metaphors of people's lives: the nation was "conceived," the nation "might live," the government "shall not perish. The speech begins with a wider lens, taking listeners back to the beginning of the country, one that was "conceived in liberty.
Now, in the Civil War, the idea of liberty was threatened again, Lincoln argued, liberty not only on a national level but also on a personal level. Significantly, he referenced the Declaration of Independence, with its statement that "all men are created equal," not the Constitution, which included the Three-fifths Compromise for how to count slaves in the overall population. The war was a test of the nation's and the government's ability to survive a severe constitutional crisis.
The Constitution, so forged because the Articles of Confederation had proved too divisive, clearly stipulated a strong federal government as sovereign over state governments; yet the Southern states had divorced themselves from that Constitution and formed their own country, governmental framework, and standing army. Yet Lincoln would not recognize this Confederacy as a "new nation" in the way that the United States of America was a "new nation. Union armies invaded Southern states in order to preserve the "all. Many observers would have thought Gettysburg a Union "victory" because the Southern troops retreated.
Gettysburg was not a victory for the soldiers who died in that battle, except in the sense that, Lincoln argues, they were a part of something larger than themeselves. Hearkening to Pericles who, in his famous Funeral Oration during the Peloponnesian War said "it is both just and proper that they should have the honor of the first mention …" , Lincoln intoned that "it is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. Here, Lincoln elevates the soldiers' efforts above anything that anyone who didn't fight might say, while also including the ones who survived: "the brave men, living and dead.
Lincoln's argument is that the soldiers, in taking up the cause of defending the Union and its founding principles of liberty and equality for all, had "so far nobly advanced" the cause, with some giving "the last full measure of devotion" their lives to that cause.